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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Family: Cerylidae (cerylid kingfishers)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Coraciiformes

Ceryle rudis (Pied kingfisher)

The Pied kingfisher is one of three most common kingfishers in the world, being found in many areas of Africa and Eurasia, living in a wide range of aquatic habitats. It feeds mainly on fish, spotting prey by either sitting on perches or hovering, which it does more than any other kingfisher. It is a cooperative breeder, meaning that the breeding pair are assisted by helpers, who can either be offspring, or unrelated birds, who's breeding attempts failed. The chicks stay in the nest for 24-29 days, after which they are still dependent on their parents for 1-2 months.

Ceryle maxima (Giant kingfisher)

The Giant kingfisher is fairly common in southern Africa, and is found mainly in South Africa and Zimbabwe, living in many types of aquatic habitats. It feeds mainly on crabs, with fish largely making up the rest of its diet. Both sexes excavate the nest, which takes about 7 days, and is dug into vertical sandbanks. Amazingly, they can excavate tunnels as long as 8.45m!. It lays 3-5 eggs, which are incubated by both sexes, for 25-27 days. The nestlings are fed mainly by the male, once every 48-213 minutes. They seem to stay in the nest for about 37 days, after which they are still dependent on their parents for at least 21 days