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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Genus: Turtur

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Columbiformes > Family: Columbidae

Species indigenous to southern Africa

Turtur afer (Blue-spotted wood-dove, Blue-spotted dove) 

The Blue-spotted wood-dove occurs across sub-Saharan Africa, absent from large areas of east-central and southern Africa. It usually occurs on the edges of evergreen or gallery forest, occasionally moving into the surrounding bush. Its diet has not been properly studied, however it is probably omnivorous, foraging mainly on the ground. The nest is a fragile saucer, made up of twigs, petioles and rootlets, usually placed on a leafy stump, tree or bush. Here it lays about 2 eggs, which are incubated for about 15-17 days. The chicks stay in the nest for roughly 15-18 days (recorded in captivity).

Turtur chalcospilos (Emerald-spotted wood-dove, Greenspotted dove)

The Emerald-spotted wood-dove is fairly common in many parts of southern Africa, living in woodlands, savanna and valley bushveld. It forages on sparsely vegetated ground, looking for fallen seeds and fruit, although little more is known of its diet. It builds its own nest, which is a platform of twigs, stems and roots, placed 0.5-6 metres above ground in a tree, bush or Aloe. It lays 1-2 eggs, which are incubated mainly by the female, for 17 days. The chicks stay in the nest for 15-17 days, before leaving. 

Turtur tympanistria (Tambourine dove) 

The Tambourine dove occurs across sub-Saharan Africa, from Senegal to Uganda south to southern Africa. Here it is locally common in riverine woodland and evergreen forest, often occupying coastal forest in the Western and Eastern Capes. It eats a variety of fruit, seeds and invertebrates, usually foraging on the ground. Both sexes construct the nest, which is a fragile saucer made of twigs, leaves and petioles, placed in tangled creepers, bushes or trees. Here it lays 1-2 eggs, which are incubated mainly by the female for about 17-20 days .The chicks are fed about four times daily by both parents, who regurgitate food eaten previously. They are brooded constantly for the first few days of their lives, staying in the nest for about 19-22 days.