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Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants)
> Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants)
> Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering
plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids >
Eurosid II > Order: Malvales > Family:
Cytinus is a genus of holoparasitic plants. The plants
have no chlorophyll but instead attach modified roots called "haustoria" to the
roots of other plants and extract water and nutrients from the host. The plants'
body is much reduced and consists mainly of the inflorescence. There are about six species,
occurring in the Mediterranean
region, Africa and Madagascar, with three species native to southern Africa. All
South African Cytinus species are dioecious, producing separate male and
female plants. The
genus was previously placed in the Rafflesiaceae.
Species native to southern Africa