home   about   search

biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Opisthokonta (fungi, animals and relatives)

Life > Eukaryotes


Fungi (fungi)

Includes mushrooms, yeasts, molds, rusts, candida and others.





Unicellular organisms found in freshwater and in the oceans. A special group because their closest living relatives are the sponges which are the most primitive of the animals (Metazoa). Synonyms: Choanozoa, Choanomastigota, Choanoflagellida. Genera include: Bicosta, Codonosiga, Monosiga, Salpingoeca, Sphaeroeca, Stelexomonas, and Stephanoeca.


Metazoa (animals)

Includes sponges, earthworms, snails, starfish, sea urchins, crabs, insects, spiders, fish, mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and many more.


  • Adl, S.M., Simpson, A.G., Farmer, M.A., Andersen, R.A., Anderson, O.R., Barta, J.R., Bowser, S.S., Brugerolle, G., Fensome, R.A., Fredericq, S., James, T.Y., Karpov, S., Kugrens, P., Krug, J., Lane, C.E., Lewis, L.A., Lodge, J., Lynn, D.H., Mann, D.G., McCourt, R.M., Mendoza, L., Moestrup, ., Mozley-Standridge, S.E., Nerad, T.A., Shearer, C.A., Smirnov, A.V., Spiegel, F.W. and Taylor, M.F.J.R. 2005. The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. Eukaryote Microbiology 52(5): 399-451.