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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Family: Curculionidae (weevils, snout beetles)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa > Panarthropoda > Tritocerebra > Arthopoda > Mandibulata > Atelocerata > Panhexapoda > Hexapoda > Insecta (insects) > Dicondyla > Pterygota > Metapterygota > Neoptera > Eumetabola > Holometabola > Coleoptera (beetles) > Polyphaga > Curculionoidea

This is the largest family in the animal kingdom, including about 48 000 species in total, of which about 2 500 species occur in southern Africa. They are small to very large (1-60mm) with diverse habits, shapes and colours. Their mandibles (jaws) are situated at the end of a rostrum (snout) that is adapted for chewing into seeds and stems. The antennae (feelers) are characteristically elbowed and clubbed and situated on the rostrum. Both adults and larvae feed on plants and the female bores into seeds and stems where the eggs are laid. This group of beetles includes a wide range of pests of crops and stored products.

There are other closely related weevil families within the superfamily Curculionoidea:

Anthribidae Apionidae Attelabidae Brachyceridae Brentidae Cryptolarydae Dryophthoridae Erirhididae Nanophyidae Oxycorinidae Platypodidae Scolytidae Urodontidae. See also Bruchinae (pea weevils, family Chrysomelidae).

Some subfamilies, genera and species from southern Africa

Subfamily Bagoninae  

Subfamily Baridinae


Subfamily Curculioninae


Curculio sp.

Subfamily Ceutorrhynchinae


Subfamily Conoderinae


Subfamily Cossoninae


Subfamily Cryptopinae


Subfamily Cyclominae


Hipporrhinus furvus

Subfamily Entiminae


Polyclaeis equestris

Subfamily Hyperinae


Subfamily Lixinae


Priorhinus canus

Subfamily Molytinae


Subfamily: Scolytinae (bark beetles)


Subfamily Xiphaspidinae


Page by Margie Cochrane