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biodiversity explorer

the web of life in southern Africa

Family: Phoeniculidae (wood-hoopoes)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Upupiformes

Species indigenous to southern Africa

Phoeniculus damarensis (Violet wood-hoopoe) 

The Violet wood-hoopoe's population is small and localized, with an estimated 1 650 birds scattered across Namibian and Angolan Mopane woodland. It is mostly insectivorous, foraging in trees, occasionally dropping to the ground to pick up an insect. It is a monogamous, cooperative breeder, meaning that non-breeding birds help the breeding pair with incubation and caring of the chicks. It nests in tree cavities, laying 4-5 eggs, which are incubated solely by the female. The chicks are cared for by the female, who is supplied with food hunted by the male or group members

Phoeniculus purpureus (Green wood-hoopoe, Red-billed wood-hoopoe) 

Common in central and eastern southern Africa, prefering habitats ranging from arid savanna to valley bushveld and wooded gardens. It forages on trees, running up and down trunks and branches locating food, usually insects but also reptiles, amphibians and seeds. It nests in pre-existing cavities and lays 2-5 eggs, which are incubated for 17-18 days. The chicks are fed by helpers, as well as the breeding male and stay in the nest for 28-30 days. By 3-4 weeks after leaving the nest, they can fly strongly, and they are fully independent 2-3 months after fledging.